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An Introduction to Mathematical Statistics and Its Applications

Richard J. Larsen and Morris L. Marx
Prentice Hall
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The Basic Library List Committee recommends this book for acquisition by undergraduate mathematics libraries.

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1. Introduction.

A Brief History. Some Examples. A Chapter Summary.


2. Probability.

Sample Spaces and the Algebra of Sets. The Probability Function. Conditional Probability. Independence. Combinatorics. Combinatorial Probability.


3. Random Variables.

Binomial and Hypergeometric Probabilities. Discrete Random Variables. Continuous Random Variables. Expected Values. The Variance. Joint Densities. Combining Random Variables. Further Properties of the Mean and Variance. Order Statistics. Conditional Densities. Moment Generating Functions. Odds and Ends.


4. Special Distributions.

The Poisson Distribution. The Normal Distribution. The Geometric Distribution. The Negative Binomial Distribution. The Gamma Distribution. Appendix 4.A.1: MINITAB Applications. Appendix 4.A.2: A Proof of the Central Limit Theorem.


5. Estimation.

Estimating Parameters: The Method of Maximum Likelihood and the Method of Moments. Interval Estimation. Properties of Estimators. Minimum-Variance Estimators: The Cramer-Rao Lower Bound. Sufficiency. Consistency. Appendix 5.A.1: MINITAB Applications.


6. Hypothesis Testing.

The Decision Rule. Testing Binomial Data–H0: p = p 0. Type I and Type II Errors. A Notion of Optimality: The Generalized Likelihood Ratio.


7. The Normal Distribution.

Comparing  and . Deriving the distribution of . Drawing inferences about m. Drawing inferences about . Odds and Ends.


8. Types of Data: A Brief Overview.

Classifying Data.


9. Two-Sample Problems.

Testing H 0: …mx = …mY–The Two-Sample t Test. Testing H0: …s2x = …s2Y–The F Test. Binomial Data: Testing H 0: px = py. Confidence Intervals for the Two-Sample Problem. Appendix 9.A.1: A Derivation of the Two-Sample t Test (A Proof of Theorem 9.2.2.). Appendix 9.A.2: Power Calculations for a Two-Sample t Test. Appendix 9.A.3: MINITAB Applications.


10. Goodness-of-Fit Tests.

The Multinomial Distribution. Goodness-of-Fit Tests: All Parameters Known. Goodness-of-Fit Tests: Parameters Unknown. Contingency Tables. Appendix 10.A.1: MINITAB Applications.


11. Regression.

The Method of Least Squares. The Linear Model. Covariance and Correlation. The Bivariate Normal Distribution. Appendix 11.A.1: MINITAB Applications. Appendix 11.A.2: A Proof of Theorem 11.3.3.


12. The Analysis of Variance.

The F Test. Multiple Comparisons: Tukey's Method. Testing Subhypotheses with Orthogonal Contrasts. Data Transformations. Appendix 12.A.1: MINITAB Applications. Appendix 12.A.2: A Proof of Theorem 12.2.2. Appendix 12.A.3: The Distribution of <$E{ down 12 SSTR/ up 12 (k-1)} over { down 12 SSE/ up 12 (n-k)}> When H1 Is True.


13. Randomized Block Designs.

The F Test for a Randomized Block Design. The Paired t Test. Appendix 13.A.1: MINITAB Applications.


14. Nonparametric Statistics.

The Sign Test. The Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The Kruskal-Wallis Test. The Friedman Test. Appendix 14.A.1: MINITAB Applications.


Appendix: Statistical Tables.

Answers to Selected Odd-Numbered Questions.