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Visualizing Lie Subalgebras using Root and Weight Diagrams

Tevian Dray (Oregon State Univ.) and Aaron Wangberg (Winona State Univ.)

Aaron Wangberg

Department of Mathematics
Winona State University University
Winona, MN 55987


Tevian Dray

Department of Mathematics
Oregon State University
Corvallis, OR 97331


While Dynkin diagrams are useful for classifying Lie algebras, it is the root and weight diagrams that are most often used in applications, such as when describing the properties of fundamental particles. This paper illustrates how to construct root and weight diagrams from Dynkin diagrams, and how the root and weight diagrams can be used to identify subalgebras. In particular, we show how this can be done for some algebras whose root and weight diagrams have dimension greater than 3, including the exceptional Lie algebras \(F_4\) and \(E_6\).


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Published February 2009. © 2009 Aaron Wangberg and Tevian Dray.

Tevian Dray (Oregon State Univ.) and Aaron Wangberg (Winona State Univ.), "Visualizing Lie Subalgebras using Root and Weight Diagrams," Convergence (February 2010), DOI:10.4169/loci003287