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Balancing Chemical Equations Using Matrix Algebra - References

John Jungck, Jennifer Spangenberg

Primary Reference

Bottomley J. 1878. Method of indeterminate coefficients (algebraic method). J Chem News. 37:110.

Krishamurthy E V. 1978. General matrix methods for chemical equations. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology. 9:323-328.

Brown J P, Brown L P, Redd R M. 1972. Matrix algebra method. Journal of Chemical Education. 49: 754.

Popular Text Citations

Grimaldi RP. 1980. Balancing Chemical Reactions with Methods and Computer Assistance. Module 339. UMAP (Modules in Undergraduate Mathematics and Its Applications).

Current Research Articles

Herndon W C. 1997. On Balancing Chemical Equations: Past and Present. Journal of Chemical Education. 74: 1359-1362.

John Jungck, Jennifer Spangenberg, "Balancing Chemical Equations Using Matrix Algebra - References," Convergence (December 2005)