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ABO Blood Group Frequencies - References

John Jungck, Jennifer Spangenberg


Hardy, G. H., 1908 Mendelian proportions in a mixed population. Science 28:49-50.

Boyer, S H, IV, 1963 Papers on Human Genetics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Weinberg, W., 1908 Über den Nachweis der Vererbung beim Menschen. Jahresh. Wuertt. Ver. vaterl. Natkd. 64:369-382.

Popular text citations

Snustad D P, Simmons M J (2003) Principles of Genetics. 3rd Edition. New York : John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Crow J F (1986) Basic Concepts in Population, Quantitative, and Evolutionary Genetics. New York : W. H. Freeman and Company.

Li C C (1955) Population Genetics. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.

Current Research Articles

Hosking L, Lumsden S, Lewis K, Yeo A, McCarthy L, Bansal A, Riley J, Purvis I, Xu CF, 2004 Detection of genotyping errors by Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium testing. European Journal of Human Genetics 12: 395-9.

Wellek S, 2004 Tests for establishing compatibility of an observed genotype distribution with Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium in the case of a biallelic locus. Biometrics 60: 694-703.

Wittke-Thompson JK, Pluzhnikov A, Cox NJ, 2005 Rational inferences about departures from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. American Journal of Genetics 76: 967-86.

Education Research & Pedagogical Materials

Genes, Environment, and Human Behavior. Biological Sciences Curriculum Study

Data Sources

Racial & Ethnic Distribution of ABO Blood Types by BLOODBOOK.COM

Tutorial & Background materials

ABO Allele Frequencies by Robert J. Huskey

What is a maximum likelihood estimate? by Kent Holsinger

The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium by John W. Kimball

John Jungck, Jennifer Spangenberg, "ABO Blood Group Frequencies - References," Convergence (November 2005)