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Richly Parameterized Linear Models: Additive, Time Series, and Spatial Models Using Random Effects

James S. Hodges
Chapman & Hall/CRC
Publication Date: 
Number of Pages: 
Texts in Statistical Science
We do not plan to review this book.

Mixed Linear Models: Syntax, Theory, and Methods
An Opinionated Survey of Methods for Mixed Linear Models
Mixed linear models in the standard formulation
Conventional analysis of the mixed linear model
Bayesian analysis of the mixed linear model
Conventional and Bayesian approaches compared
A few words about computing

Two More Tools: Alternative Formulation, Measures of Complexity
Alternative formulation: The "constraint-case" formulation
Measuring the complexity of a mixed linear model fit

Richly Parameterized Models as Mixed Linear Models
Penalized Splines as Mixed Linear Models

Penalized splines: Basis, knots, and penalty
More on basis, knots, and penalty
Mixed linear model representation

Additive Models and Models with Interactions
Additive models as mixed linear models
Models with interactions

Spatial Models as Mixed Linear Models
Geostatistical models
Models for areal data
Two-dimensional penalized splines

Time-Series Models as Mixed Linear Models
Example: Linear growth model
Dynamic linear models in some generality
Example of a multi-component DLM

Two Other Syntaxes for Richly Parameterized Models
Schematic comparison of the syntaxes
Gaussian Markov random fields
Likelihood inference for models with unobservables

From Linear Models to Richly Parameterized Models: Mean Structure
Adapting Diagnostics from Linear Models

Added variable plots
Transforming variables
Case influence

Puzzles from Analyzing Real Datasets
Four puzzles
Overview of the next three chapters

A Random Effect Competing with a Fixed Effect
Slovenia data: Spatial confounding
Kids and crowns: Informative cluster size

Differential Shrinkage
The simplified model and an overview of the results
Details of derivations
Conclusion: What might cause differential shrinkage?

Competition between Random Effects
Collinearity between random effects in three simpler models
Testing hypotheses on the optical-imaging data and DLM models

Random Effects Old and New
Old-style random effects
New-style random effects
Practical consequences

Beyond Linear Models: Variance Structure
Mysterious, Inconvenient, or Wrong Results from Real Datasets

Periodontal data and the ICAR model
Periodontal data and the ICAR with two classes of neighbor pairs
Two very different smooths of the same data
Misleading zero variance estimates
Multiple maxima in posteriors and restricted likelihoods
Overview of the remaining chapters

Re-Expressing the Restricted Likelihood: Two-Variance Models
The re-expression
A tentative collection of tools

Exploring the Restricted Likelihood for Two-Variance Models
Which vj tell us about which variance?
Two mysteries explained

Extending the Re-Expressed Restricted Likelihood
Restricted likelihoods that can and can’t be re-expressed
Expedients for restricted likelihoods that can’t be re-expressed

Zero Variance Estimates
Some observations about zero variance estimates
Some thoughts about tools

Multiple Maxima in the Restricted Likelihood and Posterior
Restricted likelihoods with multiple local maxima
Posteriors with multiple modes