Ancient Indian Rope Geometry in the Classroom - References and Resources

Cynthia J. Huffman (Pittsburg State University) and Scott V. Thuong (Pittsburg State University)

References and Resources

Common Core State Standards Initiative:

[Converse] Converse, Hyla Stuntz. The Agnicayana Rite: Indigenous Origin?, History of Religions 14 (2), 1974, pp. 81-95.

[Datta] Datta, Bibhutibhusan. The Science of the Sulbas: A Study in Early Hindu Geometry. Calcutta University Press, 1932.

Gardner, Robert and J.F. Staal. Altar of Fire. Documentary. The Film Study Center at Harvard University, 1976. Available for purchase at


[Joseph] Joseph, George Gheverghese. The Crest of the Peacock: Non-European Roots of Mathematics, 3rd edition. Princeton University Press, 2011.

[Kichenassamy] Kichenassamy, Satyanad, Baudhāyana’s rule for the quadrature of the circle, Historia Mathematica 33, 2006, p. 149-183.

[Kramrisch & Burnier] Kramrisch, Stella, and Raymond Burnier. The Hindu Temple, Motilal Banarsidass Publ., Vol. 1, 1976, p. 22-23.

[Montelle] Montelle, Clemency. Book Review of The Crest of the Peacock: Non-European Roots of Mathematics, Notices of the AMS, December 2013, Vol. 60, No. 11, pp. 1459-1463:

[Plofker1] Plofker, Kim. Mathematics in India. Chapter 4 in Katz, Victor, editor. The Mathematics of Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, and Islam: A Sourcebook. Princeton University Press, 2007, pp. 385-514.

[Plofker2] Plofker, Kim. Mathematics in India. Princeton University Press, 2009.

[Prasoon] Prasoon, Shrikant. Indian Scriptures. Pustak Mahal, 2010, Ch. 2.

[Sen & Bag] Sen, S.N., and A.K. Bag. The Śulbasūtras. Indian National Science Academy, 1983.