Buffer Preparation - References

John Jungck, Annelise Myers, Stepahnie Gage

Primary References

Henderson, L.J. (1908) Concerning the relationship between the strength of acids and their capacity to preserve neutrality. American Journal of Physiology. Volume 21: 173-179.

Henderson, L.J. (1908) THe theory of neutrality regulation in the animal organism. American Journal of Physiology. Volume 21: 427-448. Hasselbalch, K.A. (1916) Biochemistry. Z., 78: 112-144.

Good, N.E.; Wingset, G.D.; Winter, W.; Connolly, T.N.; Izawa, S.; Singh, R.M.M. (1966) Hydrogen Ion Buffers for Biological Research. Biochemistry, 5:467-477.

Jack, R. Cecil. (1995) Basic Biochemical Laboratory Procedures and Computing. Oxford University Press, New York.

Popular Text Citations

Moore, J.W., C.L. Stanitski and P.C. Jurs, (2002). Chemistry The Molecular Science. Harcourt College Publishers, Orlando

Harris, D.C., (1987). Quantitative Chemical Analysis. W.H. Freeman and Company, New York. Second Edition.

Education Research & Pedagogical Materials

"Chemistry and Background" (2003)  ChemLab Darthmouth College. Trustees of Darthmouth College.

Po, H.N. and Senozan, H.M. (2001) The Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation: Its History and Limitations. Journal of Chemical Education, 78: 1499-1503.